- Jews trying to follow the Law remain sinful: Isaiah 58.1-59.15 (cf. Rom. 2.17-3.20, with Rom. 3.5-17 quoting Isaiah 59.7-8).
- As there is no one righteous (the parallel texts of Ps. 14.1, 3; 53.1, 3; and Is. 59.4, 16; cf. Rom. 3.10), the righteousness of God comes in judgement (Is. 59.16-19; cf. Rom. 1.18) and God’s Redeemer comes from Zion to deal with transgressions (Is. 59.20) by establishing a new covenant (Is. 59.21) (cf. Rom. 3.21-26; and note that, since Paul combines Is. 59.20-21 with Is. 27.9 in the next point, below, the atonement, kphr, mentioned there fits with Rom. 3.25).
- As Israel is redeemed (Is. 59.20-21; or ‘saved,’ Rom. 11.26, quoting Is. 59.20-21a and Is. 27.9) from sins and restored from the nations, the nations will also come to Israel’s light (Isaiah 60.1-22).
Rev. Dr. Rollin Grams
Oxford Centre for Religion and Public Life
and the Ridley Institute
Send out your light and your truth; let them lead me; let them bring me to your holy hill and to your dwelling! (Psalm 43.3, ESV)
...exploring the interface between Scripture and the Church's mission in our day